Fallen Wood in the Creek
Why Leave Fallen Wood? Any strong storm can bring down trees, but after four years of drought, this winter we are seeing an especially large number of trees come down. It’s important to know that when trees fall into creeks, they become part of the creek channel in the eyes of the Department of Fish and Wildlife. Fallen trees, as they sit, tumble and turn within the creek, are nature’s creek-architects: they shape the creek’s bed and banks, the way the creek meanders, and how sediment and floating wood debris within the creek move or accumulate; fallen wood also becomes home and shelter to a variety of aquatic wildlife, and in particular, salmon and steelhead.
What About Removal? Large wood is critical to the health of a creek for these reasons, but in some cases, it can conflict with the needs of the creekside landowner. Large fallen wood can sometimes divert the stream’s energy toward a bank, posing a threat of bank failure or other damage, or may have caused serious damage at the time it fell. These might be reasons why a landowner would feel the need to remove fallen wood that lies within a creek channel.
Permitting: If you do need to remove wood from a stream, you first need to notify the Department of Fish and Wildlife by filing for a Lake or Streambed Alteration (1600 LSA) permit. As mentioned above, wood changes the creek’s bed and banks when it falls in; by removing it, a landowner is also causing change. The Gold Ridge RCD can assist landowners in filling out a 1600 LSA permit.
For landowners who encounter an emergency need to remove fallen wood, they have 14 days after the removal to file an Emergency 1600 LSA permit notification. Please read the instructions for this permit closely to be sure your situation qualifies as an emergency.
Before You Remove Wood...Take notice of any large wood situated in your creek. Some pieces of wood are part of structures that have been installed and secured to improve fish habitat by the RCD. If you are removing fallen wood, please do not remove these structures or other pieces of wood that pose no threat to property. Above is a photo of one of the RCD’s many large wood debris installation projects.
Learn more about the habitat and watershed benefits of fallen wood in our creeks.
Got Runoff? RCD Hosts Stormwater Workshop for Local Residents
Wednesday, March 15th, 6-8pm
Apple Blossom School, 700 Watertrough Rd, Sebastopol, CA 95472
Free to the public
See the Event Flyer!
The copious rain delivered by recent storms is a drastic change after five consecutive years of drought, and the soil is beyond saturated! We understand that it is hard to manage lots of water and so in response have put together a workshop to offer ideas on how to manage winter runoff.
How can we make the most of rain, protect soil from erosion and landslides, prevent potholes, increase infiltration to water tables and prepare for future drought? Join Gold Ridge and Sonoma RCDs and partners for a tradeshow-style workshop that explains good water stewardship practices.
You will have access to experts and information on where to get the tools or help you need. We'll cover a suite of projects that store, slow, spread and sink stormwater, including rainwater catchment, permeable paving, rain gardens, earth works, and more. Bring your questions, ideas, and concerns about managing water on your property. We hope to see you there!
Presenters: Gold Ridge RCD, Harmony Farm Supply, Permaculture Artisans, Sonoma Master Gardeners, Daily Acts
BONUS! Attend a tour of Permaculture Artisans’ stormwater-wise demonstration projects, Saturday, March 18th, 10am-12pm. RSVP: Call Sebastian Bertsch at (707) 824-0836. Permaculture Skills Center is located at 2185 Gravenstein Hwy S, Sebastopol, CA 95472
Want to learn more? Read the Slow It, Spread It, Sink It, Store It! guide to stormwater management and others online. Go to http://goldridgercd.org/htm/water-stewardship-guides.htm
Emergency Meeting Addresses Green Valley Road Flooding
Gold Ridge RCD has been working with the community to identify a solution to the chronic flooding of Green Valley Creek across Green Valley Road just outside Graton, CA. Local organizations have conducted and presented studies of the causes of flooding and potential short- and long-term solutions. Due to the severity of this year’s wet weather, the rate of sedimentation has increased to the point where most of the water in Green Valley Creek is going across the road, and the creek is abandoning is existing channel and establishing a new channel through the vineyard. The Sonoma County Water Agency, which is responsible for flood control, has determined that immediate action is required. An emergency meeting on February 10th, hosted by Gold Ridge RCD, updated residents on the situation and heard their concerns. Read more about the issue here.
New Video: The Making of the Salmon Creek Dairy Water Conservation Project
NEW VIDEO - We are pleased to share a new video that shows the teamwork and mission around the 2015-2016 Salmon Creek Dairy Water Conservation Project -- a 1.4 million gallon rainwater harvesting system that conserves water for agricultural use and the wildlife of Bodega, CA.
Big thanks to our project partners: North Coast Resource Conservation & Development Council, California Department of Fish and Wildlife, California State Coastal Conservancy, U.S. Department of Agriculture, North Coast Resources Partnership through the California Department of Water Resources, Prunuske Chatham, Inc., Schaefer Engineering, Inc., Salmon Creek Watershed Council, Richard and Marilyn Hughes and Straus Family Creamery.
North Bay RCDs and Partners Plan for Climate Change on Vineyards
Hosted at the beautiful SRJC Shone Farm, the Gold Ridge, Sonoma, Mendocino and Napa RCDs, the USDA's NRCS Ukiah Office, UCCE Mendocino and the Santa Rosa Junior College came together this November to discuss current research on vineyard climate-beneficial practices for our region.
These might include timed irrigation/fertigation to increase nitrogen uptake by vines, compost application, hedgerow planting, cover cropping and grazing, reduced an non-tillage, and more. These practices are being examined for their ability to sequester carbon dioxide, retain water, reduce the need for synthetic fertilizers, amendments and pesticides, and maintain grape quality and quantity. This meeting will help inform the RCDs as they start assisting vineyards to create LandSmart Carbon Farm Plans.
See the presentations from this workshop. Learn more about the RCD's role in Carbon Farm Planning here.
RCD Hosts Public Meeting Regarding Flooding on Green Valley Road
Gold Ridge RCD has been working with the community to identify a solution to the chronic flooding of Green Valley Creek across Green Valley Road just outside Graton, CA. Local organizations have conducted and presented studies of the causes of flooding and potential short- and long-term solutions. Gold Ridge RCD will not be funding or managing flood mitigation projects; instead, it has played a role in facilitating the research and development of mitigation solutions.
A public meeting was held November 17th, 5:30-6:45pm at the Oak Grove Elementary School Gymnasium. This meeting was a follow up to our last public meeting on October 14, 2015, and an opportunity to hear about the progress made since we last met.
More information about flooding on Green Valley Road can be found here.
Duckworth Ranch Outing Brings Families in Touch with the Wild
On November 5th, Gold Ridge RCD hosted an Agricultural Heritage outing to Duckworth Ranch, a property protected from development by a conservation easement of the Sonoma County Agricultural Preservation and Open Space District.
Hiking the relic black oak woods, sneaking a peak in Blucher Creek, taking in incredible watershed views, practicing spinning wool into yarn and dining on the Duckworth's bursting blueberry cobbler, attendees got a close look at the Duckworth's cherished ranch.
Like in all Agricultural Heritage outings, attendees heard directly from their local farmer why keeping ag in our human culture is so valuable: it supports working families, yields fresh and flavorful produce, keeps our lands green, and keeps our community connected to the earth. On this outing though, the value of responsible farming to wildlife in particular was obvious. We saw hawks, Canada geese, songbirds, the hole of a gopher snake, snags fit for turkey vultures and owls, cold and clear water hospitable to otters and fish, narrow deer trails, and the healthy pasture that feeds the Duckworth's large sheep herd.
Willow Creek Tributary Tour
in collaboration with the Russian River Confluence
The Russian River Confluence, being held in Spring of 2017, is a landmark event to celebrate the Russian River watershed and deepen partnerships to ensure the watershed's future as a clean, thriving, and long-lasting foundation to our communities' well being. Leading up to the event are a series of tributary events structured to explore the many tributaries to the Russian River. Willow Creek is the westernmost tributary, feeding into the river before it empties into the Pacific Ocean at Jenner, CA.
Photo courtesy of LandPaths
September 24th, 11am-3pm, Gold Ridge RCD, Stewards of the Coast and Redwoods and California State Parks will host a public tour of the Willow Creek watershed. Our tour of one of Sonoma County's most beautiful natural landscapes will focus on native Pomo life, improvements to salmon habitat in Willow Creek and the dramatic connection between upland forest and sea. Watershed health, local ecology and the checkered history of the watershed will be discussed as we drive to the site and hike the canyons.
Gold Ridge and Marin RCDs Seek Rangeland Specialist
The Gold Ridge and Marin Resource Conservation Districts (RCDs), are hiring a Rangeland Specialist. The Rangeland Specialist will assist the RCDs in engaging agricultural producers as ecosystem stewards to provide on-farm ecological benefits, improve agricultural productivity, enhance agroecosystem resilience, and mitigate global climate change through a planning and implementation process known as “Carbon Farming.” The goal is to develop two countywide agricultural carbon sequestration programs with producer outreach, and technical and economic support, and to serve as a model for other regions. Applications for the position are due August 15th, 2016. The position begins October 1, 2016.
RCD Rangeland Specialist Application PDF
For more information contact Brittany Jensen at Brittany@GoldRidgeRCD.org
Bodega Land Trust Hosts Water-Minded Event for Salmon Creek Community
On July 10, the Bodega Land Trust with Gold Ridge RCD hosted a worskshop called "Water Conservation and Groundwater Recharge" for the Salmon Creek Watershed. Recent UC Berkeley Ph.D. recipient and author Cleo Woelfle-Erskine shared his research on groundwater/surface water interactions and effects on salmon in the Salmon Creek watershed. He spoke to the history of use: residents of Salmon Creek Watershed today use 5 times the amount of water they did in 1980, due to an increase in the number of households in the watershed. Cleo’s research has highlighted the importance of groundwater in providing drinking water, but groundwater is also what keeps streams flowing through the summer dry season. Currently, salmonids are fighting for survival in scarce water. These fish are born and seek sanctuary in even the smallest of coastal streams, and can only survive if there is plentiful cold, oxygenated water. Local knowledge is critical to protecting and enhancing salmon populations. The curiosity and participation of locals in "citizen science" -- such as collecting and recording data such as summer mapping of wet and dry stream reaches, monitoring wells, and counting juvenile fish -- can significantly aid our understanding of what it takes to keep salmon and the multispecies community that flourishes with them. See Cleo’s presentation here.
Gold Ridge RCD Lead Scientist John Green offered water-saving solutions for watershed residents using the "Reduce, Reuse, Recycle" mantra. REDUCE: Too often water is lost through inefficient use, and ample rainwater that could be stored for use later is converted to runoff by pipes, channels, roads, and gutters. The water that we need so badly in the summer is swiftly drained from the landscape in the winter rainy season, shooting down impervious surfaces, carrying pollutants like soil, fertilizers and car oil, undermining roads and eroding stream banks as it heads to the ocean. REUSE: Catching and storing clean rainwater before it hits the ground is a practical solution for meeting non-potable water demand year-round. Rainwater capture and storage comes in many forms—from a simple barrel at the end of your home’s downspout, to an impressive 50,000 gallons stocked in a steel tank, to a discreet pillow tank laid below your deck. RECYCLE:
In a place that experiences annual drought, using water multiple times and recycling water back into the watershed by recharge makes a good deal of sense. Greywater systems enable residents to send their laundry water out to garden planters, and permeable landscaping and well-planned drainage settles and absorbs water instead of removing it. “Slow it, store it, spread it, sink it” is a motto all Salmon Creek residents could adopt. See John’s presentation here.
Karl Andersen, a Bodega landowner who partnered with the RCD on a rainwater system at his home in 2010, shared his experience. Karl demystified the construction and use of a rainwater system for the average resident and explained how having an alternative source of water impacts both water use and awareness of water on the landscape.
Thank you to all who attended!
NRCS Chief Celebrates Sonoma County Venture Conservation Partnership
On May 6, Pepperwood Preserve hosted the kick-off meeting for Sonoma County's Venture Conservation, which was recently awarded 8 million dollars through the Natural Resources Conservation Service's (NRCS) Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP). The kickoff included a special field tour attended by NRCS Chief Jason Weller, visiting from Washington, DC, and the NRCS State Conservationist for California, Carlos Suarez.
Core partners of Sonoma County Venture Conservation include Sonoma County Agricultural Preservation and Open Space District, Sonoma and Gold Ridge RCDs, NRCS, Pepperwood Dwight Center for Conservation Science, Sonoma County Water Agency and a Technical Advisory Committee of thirty organizations.
"This project is about fulfilling your vision," said Weller. He continued by telling the group that they had brought together an impressive constellation of partners representing research, science and agriculture to sustain both agriculture and open space. "I do a lot of travelling and I am very impressed by what you have assembled here-you guys in Sonoma are innovators."
The goal of the Sonoma County Venture Conservation partnership is to create a platform for large-scale, coordinated conservation action in our county including identifying high priority conservation easements and projects to improve water supply and quality and enhance wildlife habitat on local agricultural lands. The partnership will leverage local knowledge, funding, and resources with RCPP funding to match federal funds 2:1.
Stay tuned for more details on the roll out of this dynamic partnership for Sonoma County!
Hughes Dairy Receives Conservation Award
The Sonoma County Farm Bureau awarded Richard and Marilyn Hughes of Westview Jersey Dairy in Bodega, CA, the Luther Burbank Conservation Award for their conservation efforts. The Hughes have converted their Jersey herd to organic, practiced non-tillage pasture management, and recently installed a 1.4 million gallon rainwater catchment pond to conserve water for Salmon Creek's wildlife and human communities. Richard also serves on the Gold Ridge RCD Board of Directors. We are lucky to have his guidance. Congratulations to Richard and Marilyn for their much deserved distinction.
Read more here >>
Sonoma County Partners Publish "Farming for the Future"
In April 2016, the Sonoma RCD in partnership with Gold Ridge RCD, USDA-NRCS, Sonoma County Farm Bureau, Sonoma County Agricultural Preservation and Open Space District, Sonoma County Winegrape Commission, and UCCE released a collaborative standalone insert in the North Bay Business Journal and Press Democrat, illustrating the stories from the land. Highlighting the agricultural heritage of Sonoma County and the phenomenal stewardship efforts of our local landowners to conserve, restore and protect our natural resources while driving our local economy, supporting our local food system, and providing for the next generation. "We are honored to work in partnership with many innovative stewards of the land who help to protect the beauty and bounty of Sonoma County." Read the full insert online >>
Salmon Creek Dairy Water Conservation and Storage Project
One of the year’s largest construction projects is the Salmon Creek Dairy Water Conservation Project on the Westview Jerseys Organic Dairy operated by Richard and Marilyn Hughes in the Salmon Creek Watershed. Dairies are currently both significant water users, forced to draw from sources influencing riparian flows, and integral contributors to the agriculture-based economy of their surrounding communities. This project further advances the RCD’s expanding water conservation program: our goal is to provide immediate benefits to riparian systems while advancing technologies to prepare our communities for a future that has less predictable rainfall patterns.
This water conservation project will transition the dairy’s summertime water source from a shallow creekside well to a rainwater roof-catchment pond. When all is done, the project will harvest winter rainwater caught from the roofs of five structures with sufficient capacity to store the entire summer demand for the organic dairy operation. Implementation of this project addresses the impacts of one of the largest individual water diversions on the mainstem of Salmon Creek. It prevents the extraction of approximately 1,408,000 gallons of water from the stream during the critical summer/fall dry season.
Read More >>
Rooftop rain collection helps rural Sonoma County residents and salmon
By Guy Kovner for Press Democrat, December 28, 2015
Rain on the roof at Karl Andersen’s home in Bodega is more than a sweet sound of the season after four dry years.
It means he has enough water to irrigate his garden and greenhouse through the next fall, and that, in turn, means more water for the coho salmon in Salmon Creek, which meanders through the near-coast hamlet where Alfred Hitchcock famously filmed “The Birds” in 1963.
Rain runs off Andersen’s roof and through pipes into three green plastic storage tanks that hold a total of 15,000 gallons of water, a valuable amenity in a water-scarce corner of Sonoma County with California now officially in a fifth year of drought.
Read More >>
Water added to Camp Meeker's Dutch Bill Creek a 'lifesaver' for young fish
By Guy Kovner for Press Democrat, Sept 7, 2015
Thanks to a novel injection of cold, clear water from Camp Meeker’s water system, about 3,400 imperiled coho salmon and steelhead trout have a better chance of surviving in Dutch Bill Creek until rain sweeps them to safety in the Russian River.
Gurgling as it splashed down a narrow, rock-lined channel under towering redwoods, the gift of water to a shrinking creek was hailed last week by a group of officials from state and local agencies committed to saving the fish from the grip of California’s historic drought.
“This is incredibly exciting for me,” said David Hines of the National Marine Fisheries Service, calling the flow “literally a lifesaver” for the juvenile coho and steelhead trapped in pools along the creek that winds along Bohemian Highway to a confluence with the river at Monte Rio.
Read More >>
Wine, Water, Fish and People--In California, They Go Well Together
By Dave Stalling for Trout Unlimited, Summer 2013
John Mazzera's grandfather started farming along the banks of Grape Creek, high above California's Russian River, in 1948. John first took over in 1960 at the age of 16. At first they grew apples, prunes and kiwis, but grapes eventually became more profitable. John continues to grow zinfandel and merlot.
"In the 1950s and 1960s I used to sit beside the creek and watch steelhead jumping over the waterfall," John recalls.
Like many farmers in the area, the Mazzeras used a flashboard dam in the creek to store and divert water for irrigation and frost protection. For most of the farm's existence, it wasn't an issue. That was before Central California Coast coho salmon were listed as endangered under the federal Endangered Species Act and the Central California Coast steelhead trout were listed as threatened. It was before state and federal agencies were required by law to figure out ways to keep more water in the creeks for salmon and steelhead and the needs of fish often became pitted against the needs of farmers. Test.
Read More >>